• 5 Ways You Can Best Negotiate a Salary Offer as Faculty


    Many people find salary negotiations to be stressful and uncomfortable. However, it’s a necessary evil, especially in academics. You know your worth and want your prospective employer to meet your salary expectations. Thus, the necessary salary negotiations.  

    Talk of salaries should only begin after an offer is extended, not before. When negotiating salaries, it is imperative not to rush into accepting an offer. In fact, you shouldn’t accept a verbal offer without a written agreement. But first, you and your prospective institution must agree on a respectable salary. Luckily, there are 5 ways to best negotiate a salary offer to make the process easier.

    Why Negotiation is an Art

    Ideally, employment would be based solely on experience and qualifications. Unfortunately, there’s so much more to it than that. Your personality and demeanor can either make or break a job interview.

    Institutions want to hire someone personable. When it comes to negotiating your salary as a potential faculty member, there’s a fine line between staying firm and being inflexible.

    The Basics: What’s Negotiable vs. Non-Negotiable

    When it comes to a job offer, salary isn’t the only matter to take into consideration. Taking on a faculty position has numerous other factors to consider, such as: 

    ●      Location – will you need to move if you accept the position?

    ●      Benefits – 401k, health insurance, etc.

    ●      Workload – how many classes are you expected to take on each semester?

    ●      Research opportunities – is the faculty position teaching only, or is there a possibility of a joint teaching/research position?

    ●      Tenure track – How much room for advancement does the position offer? Will it put you on the track to tenure? 

    What’s non-negotiable to you and to the institution? Are you willing to relocate, and does the job offer include relocation costs?

    Is the institution able to meet your salary expectations? Public vs. private schools have very different budgets.

    5 Tips to Negotiate the Best Offer

    Salary negotiations shouldn’t be discussed until a formal job offer is extended. It’s best not to discuss specific salary details during an interview. Once a job offer is extended, the search committee chair will likely contact you to discuss salary. How can you best negotiate?

    1. Research the institution’s salary data

    You have a salary in mind, but is the institution able to meet it? Do they have the resources necessary to offer you what you’re worth? Researching an institution’s general salary data can save yourself from going through the negotiation process only to discover they can’t meet your salary standards.

    1. Seek advice from mentors

    You don’t have to negotiate your salary alone. Reach out to mentors or trusted advisors to get their advice. They may even have networking connections at your prospective employer to get inside negotiation tips. Your mentor can also tell you if your salary expectations are unreasonable.

    1. Determine what’s non-negotiable

    Everyone has a line in the sand. You just have to find the line you’re not willing to cross. Not all of your requests will be granted during negotiations. Figure out which ‘gets’ are your priority and remain flexible on the issues that aren’t a priority.

    1. Leverage other offers

    If you have more than one iron in the fire, use that to your advantage. If you’re fielding more than one job offer, that may speed up the negotiation process with the offer you would prefer to accept. However, if you don’t have another offer, don’t be dishonest and say you do.

    1. Express gratitude for the consideration

    Remain pleasant and respectful throughout the negotiation process. Even if you ultimately turn down the job offer, express your gratitude for being considered for the position. The academic world is smaller than you’d expect. You never know when you’ll cross paths with the hiring committee chair again.

    Use Your Impactio Data to Prove Your Value

    Impactio can bolster many aspects of your career, including salary negotiations. Impactio is America’s premier networking platform for scholars and researchers. It can help you forge connections with current and former faculty.

    Additionally, the data on your profile can give you the edge when it comes to negotiating your desired salary. Join the platform today to create your profile.

  • Here is Why Cum Laude is an Amazing Building Block on Your Resume


    When applying for an open position, you want to include anything that can help your resume stand out from the bunch, especially if you’re new to the employment domain. One thing that can set your resume apart is the designation of graduating cum laude.

    As your career advances, your cum laude achievement may become less relevant, as it’s replaced by professional qualifications and achievements. But the distinction can help secure your first or second job in the academia field. Once you have your foot in the door, there’s no stopping your rise to the top of your field.

    Just like cum laude honorees stand out at graduation, the distinction puts your resume at the top of the pile. But what is “cum laude,” and how do you achieve such honors? 

    What “Cum Laude” Means

    What does “cum laude” mean, and why is it so special? Cum laude is an honor some collegiates receive upon graduation. Summa cum laude and magna cum laude round out the three achievements that take their name from Latin phrases. They are often called “Latin honors” because of their names.

    The term “laude” literally means “distinction” or “honor.” Therefore, “cum laude” translates to “with distinction” or “with honor.”

    Summa cum laude is the highest tier of the three, followed by magna cum laude and then cum laude.

    Those who reach the three cum laude statuses are among the most highly-educated and revered students on campus. The award signifies a level of unprecedented dedication to their studies. However, achieving the distinction isn’t an easy feat.

    But how are such honors achieved? First of all, it takes a lot of hard work and dedication to your studies. How are the cum laude honors calculated?

    How to Reach Each Level of Status

    Surprisingly, not every higher education institution has cum laude honors. And when they do, there isn’t one set criteria across all institutions for graduating cum laude. Some institutions base solely on grade point average while others consider class rank as well as GPA.

    A school’s cum laude requirements are something to consider when looking at where to continue your education. Some high schools around the country do have cum laude honors, but it’s not common.

    Certain higher learning institutions require recommendations from faculty or an honors thesis before granting cum laude status, in addition to a high GPA. Many cum laude honors require taking advanced classes, where one must maintain a certain GPA.

    When a college or university considers only class rank, it’s easier to achieve cum laude honors at smaller schools. Harvard University, the oldest college in America, was the first in the country to offer the cum laude distinctions.  

    While there isn’t a nationwide set criterion for cum laude, there are averages that one must meet. Those receiving summa cum laude honors typically have a GPA over 4.0. For magna cum laude, the GPA requirement is between 3.8 and 3.9. A GPA between 3.5 and 3.7 can get you cum laude honors. 

    Taking a look at Harvard again, its GPA requirements for cum laude honors aren’t set in stone. Between 2009 and 2022, the GPA requirements became more strict, with higher grade point averages required.

    For example, in 2009, a 3.7 GPA was the threshold for magna cum laude honors. By 2022, the requirement changed to a 3.9 GPA.

    Why the Cum Laude Designation is Important for Your Resume

    Some may think that a cum laude honor won’t mean anything beyond college (or high school.) However, a cum laude distinction bolsters your resume throughout your professional career. A cum laude honor can put you over the top against other applicants when you’re just entering the workforce. Why?

    The cum laude distinction is often seen as an indication of a strong work ethic and dedication. Those are two things all employers are looking for in their hires. As your career progresses, the cum laude honors may have less of an impact but are still respectable achievements on a resume. 

    Other Ways to Make Your Resume Stand Out

    Having cum laude honors isn’t the only way to make your resume stand out. If you don’t have the distinction on your resume, there’s no need to feel discouraged with your career prospects. Just head to Impactio, America’s leading networking platform in the field of academics.

    Highly esteemed researchers and scholars utilize the platform to connect with others in their field. The networking connections made on the platform can help bolster your resume. Create your profile today to start making use of Impactio’s resources.

  • Strategies for Dealing with a Department Chair That Plays Favorites


    An imbalance of power is an issue in practically every workplace. The power imbalance can take many different forms. For instance,.favoritism runs rampant in the workplace. And even if the favoritism leans your way, it can have serious career implications. However, calling out favoritism is a risky maneuver.  

    For one, many in supervisor positions are blind to their favoritism, insisting that they treat everyone in the department equally. Secondly, confronting favoritism can change the dynamic among colleagues in a way that’s detrimental to the department as a whole.

    So, what can you do if your Department Chair is prone to playing favorites? There are strategies for dealing with the situation without jeopardizing your position.

    The Trouble With Favoritism in Academics

    No one likes to feel left out or excluded. Unfortunately, that’s what happens when the boss favors one team member over another. Even if the favoritism is perceived and not a reality, it can affect the working relationship of an entire department by creating resentment.

    The favored employee often gets the best assignments, promotions, and the highest praise. Even those in higher education can fall victim to favoritism in the workplace.

    The trouble with favoritism in academics is that the department needs to be a cohesive unit. But if the Department Chair plays favorites, resentment and hostility can build amongst the team. And then the students or the research work suffer the consequences.

    What should you do if you suspect your boss is playing favorites?

    What Not to Do, First

    Before you consider what you should do, what shouldn’t you do? Addressing the alleged favoritism wrongly can put you on your boss’s bad side and torpedo your burgeoning career. On the other hand, if you’re the favored in the department, it can be difficult to work alongside disgruntled colleagues.  

    Speaking directly to your boss or HR is not the first move to make or even the second. In fact, going above your boss’s head should be a last resort. You should also avoid outright accusing your co-workers of getting favored treatment. 

    It may be easier to simply toe the party line and accept that favoritism in the workplace is a fact of life. Or you can utilize certain strategies to make the work environment an even ground.

    Strategies to Handle Work Environment Favoritism

    If you believe your Department Chair is playing favorites, you first need to have an honest conversation with yourself. If you lack appreciation and attention from your boss, ask yourself about your work contribution.

    Are you working as hard as your colleagues? Are you the first to leave at the end of the day, or do you stay extra hours? Is your work up to par with others in the department? Does the perceived favorite have more qualifications and experience than others in the department?

    If you still think favoritism is in play after an honest look at your work, what should you do?

    If you’re being mistreated, one course of action is to advocate for yourself. Take on assignments that will highlight your expertise and qualifications. Show that you’re a team player by praising your colleagues for their successes that may get overlooked.  

    Another strategy is to speak to the Department Chair about your career goals and ask for guidance on how to achieve them. Additionally, if you’re feeling insecure about your place in the department, ask for an honest review of your work. But be prepared not to like what you hear.

    You can even ask your boss or someone of a similar level to be your mentor, which will give you opportunities to grow.

    When All Else Fails, Use Your Impactio Network for Help

    Another avenue to explore when it comes to combating favoritism in the workplace is Impactio, America’s leading platform for those in academia.

    Connect with other scholars and researchers on the platform. There, you can find advice or more resources to combat favoritism in the workplace. In addition, you will have access to a large opportunity for professional networking.

  • Understanding the Importance of OSHA Compliance for Lab Safety Materials


    Anyone who works in an environment that includes potentially harmful equipment must be cognizant of the safety of everyone around them. This is particularly true in places like labs, where toxic and dangerous chemicals are part of the everyday schedule. Since we can’t assume each person comes into the lab with a full head of knowledge about safety practices, each institution has practices in place to instruct its staff and students on them. Most safety standards are designed to follow the Occupational Safety and Health Administration  (OSHA) regulations.

    OSHA is integral to the safety and compliance of almost any industry, but it is particularly vital to people in a lab setting, such as pathologists and other researchers. OSHA was instituted as a federal law in 1970 to protect workers from any hazards and concerns in the workplace. Each state has its own set of OSHA laws but must follow the guidelines of the federal act. Understanding how OSHA is part of your institution’s makeup helps you ensure compliance with the lab safety materials you use when conducting research and experiments. 

    Why Labs Are So Dangerous

    Did you know that over 500,000 people in the United States work in labs? Some of these people have years of training, while others are there to assist, clean, and do basic errand-style tasks. They don’t understand why it’s so crucial to be careful not to knock over a chemical or throw a particular item in the general garbage can.

    As a lab worker, you’re exposed to various hazards, depending on your work and what’s in the environment. Hazards can be biological, physical, chemical, and/or radioactive, and they’re all potentially life-threatening. Your safety, and that of those around you, is governed by the laws of the institution and the local, state, and federal government regulations.

    OSHA encompasses 28 state plans and a vast array of other occupational safety and health programs. Yet, laboratories require a unique set of guidelines, so OSHA has a plan designed specifically for enforcing safety in this environment. Every industry must limit employee exposure to nearly 400 listed substances that OSHA deems a physical or health threat, including irritants, corrosives, carcinogens, toxins, and sensitizers, but the lab environment’s safety rules go beyond the standard rules.

    Common OSHA Compliance Expectations for Lab Safety Materials

    Before you start working in a lab environment, reviewing and learning your campus’s lab safety material guidelines is crucial. OSHA’s regulations are comprehensive, but your institution may have rules over and above these laws.

    Following both federal and university-level regulations is essential to your health and safety and for those who are around you. A small accident with the wrong chemicals or toxins can have widespread consequences.

    OSHA requires anyone in the lab to use proper personal protective equipment (PPE) to prevent injury from sharp objects, chemicals, pathogens, and other airborne diseases. OSHA’s standards reduce the potential for injury and exposure.

    If you’re manipulating chemicals, you must follow the regulations laid out by OSHA. Use containers that can be handled by an individual, ensure you’re abiding by laboratory practices, and use as much PPE as necessary to minimize the potential for exposure.

    Other common OSHA lab requirements include minimizing chemical exposure through standard operating procedures and proper waste disposal. If you’re already trained in these regulations, you’re a role model to those new to the environment. Teach them the university’s expectations for operating things like chemical fume hoods and air handlers to remove airborne pathogens. Post and explain the procedure for action and medical attention.

    Your university should have policies in place and someone who organizes training for lab safety material practices. Workers must always engage in these practices, knowing they’re responsible for everyone’s safety and wellbeing. It may help to remind them that an OSHA representative can show up at any time to evaluate the lab, but also that each individual is monitored by everyone around them. Safety is not something to take lightly, especially in an environment as dangerous as a lab.

    Bringing OSHA Into Your Research

    OSHA’s standards are for everyone, and when you’re implementing your research and experiments, you must ensure your team abides by those regulations. Bringing OSHA guidelines into everything you do gives you the peace of mind of knowing that your work will be conducted safely and that delays due to injury or illness are minimized.

    If your experiment is outside of your scope of expertise, turn to your Impactio community for guidance. Ask the experts in your network how they handled similar situations, and use their advice to further your research goals. With Impactio’s tools and the network at your fingertips, your research skills will continue to grow.

  • Strategies for Optimizing the Effectiveness of Your Meeting Notes


    If you’ve been involved in academics for any length of time, you’ve already realized that a large chunk of your career is going to be spent sitting in meetings. There are trainings for mandatory knowledge, like OSHA and ethics, trainings for pedagogy, new computer software instruction, meetings for student concerns, and so much more.

    Sure, you could be like many of the other participants and bring your grading or find other ways to pass the time. But if you want to move ahead with your career, you should make the best of the information you’re receiving during each meeting. You likely see some people taking notes, and that’s not a bad idea. The problem is that most of those notes will get lost in the myriad of other papers in the classroom, or shoved to the side, never to be seen again. But if you optimize your meeting notes for the most effectiveness, you can use them as you’d tell your students: to get further ahead.

    Why Note-Taking Helps

    We teach our students to take notes in class from as early on as they can write and listen at the same time. This skill is beneficial in multiple ways, but the main one is that writing down what is said forces you to pay attention to the speaker or author. You’re able to focus better when you’re in a classroom setting or reading a book. This focus and attention then cements the information into your brain more thoroughly, which means you’ve learned the knowledge on a deeper level.

    Note-taking also connects your mind and body, ensuring that you stay awake and alert. We know that it’s common in meetings to start to feel drowsy or distracted. This is normal. For most of us, it’s the first time we’ve been able to sit down all day and turn our minds off of full-speed. Even if we’re interested in the information presented, our bodies are still ready to rest. Taking notes reminds your brain it’s not time to relax yet.

    However, we teach our students to take notes as a method of organizing information and processing what’s important versus what isn’t necessary. As you write, you single out the key ideas, figure out what is essential, and structure your notes in such a way that you connect ideas and details. Ultimately, this turns into a summary of what you read or heard that you can then use later to remind yourself of the information — as long as you took the notes in an organized manner.

    Strategies to Organize Your Notes for Maximum Effectiveness

    Ready to put those notes together in a way that ensures you can actually use them? Start with these note-taking strategies:

    ●      Set your notes up before you enter the meeting. Start with a heading that includes the date and time, as well as the general purpose. Write down a few questions that you hope to have answered through this time.

    ●      While the person is presenting their information, you may want to write everything they say down. Try to avoid this as it’s an easy way to miss key ideas and relevant details. Instead, summarize the main ideas and leave open space. Then, when there are breaks in the discussion, go back and fill in what you remember.

    ●      Use a strategy that works for you. Some people underline the key ideas. Others prefer to use color-coding with pens and highlighters. You’ve learned multiple strategies for taking notes, and regardless of which one you choose, if you don’t incorporate action behind those words, the strategy doesn’t work. Pick a strategy and stick with it, and use these steps to make it effective.

    ●      Remain focused on the actionable words. These will tell you what you need to do next and help you to organize your steps.

    ●      Turn those action words into steps when you get back to your computer. Open your calendar or other task platform and insert actionable to-dos while they’re fresh in your head. Include a small snippet that will jar your memory about what you need to do and why it’s important, then assign a date to it.

    Share Your New Knowledge With Your Impactio Community

    Did you learn something new and important in your meeting? Share it with your Impactio network. The Impactio community is full of like-minded people who may appreciate the information coming down the pipeline. Reach out and connect with other scholars, and they could have knowledge you needed, too.

  • How to Create a Webinar that Appeals to All Audiences


    Regardless of where you are in society, if you want to continue to grow, you must stay on top of technology. In the world of academics, this includes understanding how to connect with your audience through things like webinars.

    Webinars have been around since the 1990s, but their impact was only truly felt after the COVID-19 pandemic. As remote learning became a necessity instead of a perk, webinars were part of every institution’s classroom and became the default method for most industry training platforms.

    Today, as we settle into our “new normal,” webinars replace or supplement in-person instruction. They can reach a wider audience than live presentations, and because they’re saved, anyone with permission can use them in the future to teach the same concept. You, too, can use webinars to boost your scholarly audience.

    The Multi Purposes of a Webinar

    We don’t want to remember the dark days of the coronavirus. For most of us, those were times that are thankfully behind us. However, they did teach us a major lesson: The internet is a literal lifesaver. Consider how you spent your days while the world was locked down. How did you reach out to your friends and family to ensure they were safe? How did you, or most of the people you knew, get their groceries? Updates on the virus? Healthcare? Medications? Entertainment?

    Now, imagine going through a pandemic like this a century ago, as our ancestors did. It would have been exponentially scarier to be unable to know if your loved ones in a distant place were okay, to not know what was going on in the world, or to access healthcare for yourself or your family. The internet has changed us as a society by connecting us in a way that no generation has ever had. Now, we can use that bond to expand educational opportunities through webinars.

    Webinars provide anyone interested in the lesson the convenience of watching, listening, and learning from anywhere, anytime. By merging the “web” with a “seminar,” you get a webinar that presents information via the internet and accessible technology.

    In a live webinar, there are options for two-way interactions to occur. It’s not simply a presentation where the audience watches. They can communicate with the instructor and other viewers in real-time. Attendees are provided with a start time and a planned end time and login credentials to access the webinar. The host provides the materials, such as links and media, and the attendee listens and communicates through a microphone, video, and text.

    How to Make an Appealing Webinar 

    The logistics of creating a webinar are fairly straightforward. Your institution likely has a platform they want you to use, and your tech department can help you set the software up and provide you with the essential hardware.

    From there, it’s your job to plan the lesson. As with an in-person course, it’s up to you to prepare the material and content in a way that appeals to your audience. However, now that it’s in a remote learning format, this gets a bit tricker than an in-person lesson. Follow these tips to connect with a wide audience of distance learners:

    ●      Include a format that clearly connects you with your audience. If the presentation is a basic “you speak, they listen” lesson, you will lose a lot of viewer attention. Intersperse your lesson with opportunities for question and answer and feedback.

    ●      Consider the visual elements strategically. When you teach your lesson, you’ll be looking at the camera and whatever you need at that moment. The audience will have a lot of time to check out your classroom, the media you’re presenting, and whatever is on their camera view. It’s an important part of webinar creation to enhance your lesson with visual images that are helpful to understanding the topic but not distracting from it.

    ●      Keep the text on your slides short and to the point. You should not be reading from them. They should only have the key points you’re discussing written, and the audience will need to listen to you to get the full lesson.

    ●      Make your webinar accessible to a diverse population. Inclusivity is vital on the higher education spectrum. Pay attention to how you’re using minority and majority populations, and add captioning for hearing impaired and strategic audio for visually impaired students.

    Add Your Webinar to Your Impactio Profile

    We can’t guarantee every lesson you conduct will be a hit. You could be teaching content that is, well, not as exciting to your students as something else. The overall presentation and interest level are up to your lesson planning. But with these tips, you’ll reach a wider audience and get your content out to them in an accessible and professional format. 

    When you’ve mastered the webinar platform, head to your Impactio profile and add a link to your favorite session on your portfolio. Let your network of fellow Impactio scholars see your impressive abilities and how you’re making an impact on your students.

  • Is Business Casual Okay in a Higher Ed Work Environment?


    There was a time when men wore a suit and tie to work or women dressed to the nines with pencil skirts and heels. Those days are in the past for many institutions. Business casual has replaced strictly business attire across many industries.  

    But how do you know if you comply with the unspoken dress code, especially in higher education, where researchers and professors rub elbows? 

    The answer if business casual is okay in higher ed is: it’s complicated. No answer will apply to every department in academia. So, how do you know when business casual is acceptable?

    The Origins of the Professional Outfit

    Professional business attire can be traced back to the turn of the 18th century. Left behind was the opulent clothing of great wealth. Instead, career men began to prefer more subdued clothing.

    At that same time, very few women worked outside the home. And when they did, they still wore the fashion at the time – petticoats with full shirts.

    Fashion rules relaxed when more women joined the workforce en masse in the 1900s. Pencil skirts and sensible shoes replaced the long, full skirts of the past.

    By the 1960s, women began wearing pantsuits and blouses to the office as part of their business attire.  

    How Business Casual Gained Popularity

    What exactly is business casual, and when did its popularity rise? Business casual attire is a more relaxed version of the traditional business garb. Rather than suits and ties, men wear polo shirts with khakis, and women replace the skirt with cotton pants and the blouses with sweaters. 

    The trend began in the 1980s in Silicon Valley. As the tech industry exploded, so too did business casual. Of course, formal business attire is still the norm in some industries, such as the famed Wall Street stock market in New York City.

    Walking down the streets in lower New York City transports you to another time, with men rushing by in classic suits, briefcases in hand.

    However, most other industries adhere to business casual attire. If you’re not sure, ask your hiring manager or colleagues.

    Professional dress codes became even more relaxed during the pandemic when many worked from home. Some opted for business on top and party on the bottom, donning dress shirts with Bermuda shorts, for example.

    However, now that people are returning to the office, the business attire vs. business casual debate resumes.

    Pros and Cons of Business Casual for Instructors

    Instructors in higher education walk a fine line between wanting their students to relate to them and gaining their respect. Dressing down for classes can definitely put you on your students’ level. But is that where you want to be?

    If you’re walking around campus between classes, do you want to visibly present as a student yourself or as an esteemed instructor with a long list of degrees and qualifications? One drawback to dressing casually is you can unintentionally lose the respect of both your colleagues and the students you’re teaching.

    Higher education classes are notably more relaxed than high school. For one, many instructors prefer their students to address them by their first name rather than “Professor so-and-so.”

    That kind of familiarity can be a blessing and a curse. You want your student to enjoy their classes, but too much familiarity can lead to unforeseen problems, such as accusations of favoritism.  

    Wearing a suit and tie daily can also garner students’ negative reactions. Do you give off the impression that you’re stuffy? Furthermore, dressing in business attire can be uncomfortable daily. Business casual allows an air of respectability while allowing for comfort.

    You’re Always Professional on Impactio

    Virtual meetings aren’t the only career aspect for which people use the internet. Many industries find social media platforms imperative to their professional career. Impactio is the premier platform for scholars and researchers to network with others in their field.

    And the best part is that both business attire and business casual are acceptable dress codes. Create your Impactio profile today, and you’ll find the professional connections necessary to advance your career or share your accomplishments.

  • How Empathetic Leadership Can Affect Long-Term Career Development


    Leaders are people that are able to take control of a situation and delegate tasks to get the job done. There are various soft skills that go along with this role, but for a truly successful leader to develop, they must have empathy.

    Empathy is the ability to relate yourself to those around you. It’s vital in personal relationships. Yet, it’s also essential in the work environment. If you work as part of a team or in a leadership position, empathy is a non-negotiable trait; otherwise, you end up with a dictatorial relationship with those around you, rather than a respectful one.

    When those in supervisory and management positions of a department express empathy and compassion while still keeping boundaries in place, it ensures that others feel valued. In turn, the employees are motivated to do well and be productive. Because of this end result, empathetic leadership is an in-demand ability, and it’s particularly coveted by those in higher education hiring roles.

    Connecting Empathy With Leadership

    Having empathy means that you can understand the thoughts and behaviors of someone else. You’re sensitive to the reasons why they are doing what they’re doing because you have the emotional intelligence to connect with them. Empathy aids in clear communication, which then strengthens the bonds of work and personal relationships.

    There are three main types of empathy: cognitive, somatic, and affective. Understanding the three helps you learn what it is you’re doing when you relate to others, and how to ensure you set boundaries.

    ●      Cognitive empathy is when you can put yourself in someone’s shoes to see how a situation would influence their thoughts. This assists you in predicting another person’s behavior before they do anything. As an example, if you know that your colleague has a history of depression, and you have to give them somewhat bad news, you can expect that they may react more strongly than you would have, had you been given the same news.

    ●      Somatic empathy is less common, but impactful. With somatic empathy, when someone else is experiencing strong emotions, you have a physical response that connects with them. For instance, if your colleague is berated by a department chair in front of you, you feel nauseous and upset. You understand that embarrassing someone in front of others isn’t the proper form of leadership, and you feel sorry for the colleague.

    ●      Affective empathy includes taking your awareness of a person’s emotions and knowing how to respond to them the best way possible.

    These forms of empathy are important. As a leader, you must connect with those around you. The trick is to do so with boundaries because some people will try to use that empathy to walk all over you.

    Tips to Increase Your Empathy Without Decreasing Control

    It is possible to be an empathetic leader with boundaries that allow you to stay in control. Here are a few tips to help you as you build your leadership skills: 

    ●      Listen to the other person’s problem, but don’t respond with a solution immediately. Ask them if they’re venting to you, or if they would like advice. If they request your opinion, and it’s not a life or death, emergency issue, let them know you will think about what they said and get back to them with a clearly thought-out reply. In the heat of the moment, it’s easy to make emotionally-charged decisions that aren’t the best solution. However, give the other person and yourself a time frame. Otherwise, that same important topic could get put on the back burner and never get addressed timely.

    ●      Be cautious about letting your empathy for someone allow you to make poor decisions. The more you know about someone’s personal life, the slippier the slope becomes. You know that a faculty member has a family to support, yet, their academic behavior is not up to par. It’s your job as a leader to discipline them, writing them up as necessary when they haven’t done what they were supposed to do. Yet, you let them get away with things repetitively because you don’t want them to lose their position. This is an example of empathy connecting to poor decision-making. Stay rational. It could be that the other person needs a consequence in order to change their behavior.

    ●      Also be cognizant of the level of your empathy to other people plays in your own mental health. Taking on the problems of everyone else and putting them on your own shoulders is a fast road to burnout. You can be a listening ear, but your wellness comes first. If you know you can’t take on more problems within your boundaries, let the other person know that you want to help them, but you must get rid of a few things on your plate already before you can give them the attention they deserve.

    These tips will increase your leadership ability, letting you include empathy as your inherent traits while still keeping boundaries in place.

    Add Your Leadership Skills to Your Impactio Profile 

    Confident in your leadership abilities? Head over to your Impactio account and add the impressive things you’ve done as a leader to your profile. Your Impactio membership connects you with thousands of other scholars all over the globe who may need your advice or mentorship, or someone looking for you to enhance their next research project.

    Let Impactio connect you to a network of people where your leadership and talents can shine.

  • Here is How Understanding Yield Ratio Can Impact Your Management Style


    Yield ratios are a key performance indicator used in corporate industries worldwide. It’s a quantitative metric that businesses can use to determine the success potential of nearly anything the formula is used to measure, and in academics, this often applies to the selection of new hires. In fact, using this formula strategically can help you to evaluate your personal management style.

     The definition of a yield ratio can be ambiguous, as it varies depending on the reason it’s used. Once you get familiar with this metric and learn how to calculate it by using the yield ratio formula, you’ll want to use it in your department as a measurement indicator.

    Connecting Your Management Style to Yield Ratios

    Part of the hiring process involves bringing in multiple candidates for screening, interviews, follow-up interviews, and other stages. The yield ratio metric measures these movements as they transition into new states. To ensure your hiring procedures are fair, efficient, and consistent, you should use the yield ratio to measure how you move candidates from the application stage to the hiring stage.

    One benefit of using a yield ratio is determining whether you’re using the right source to fill your open positions. Many higher education campuses and institutions use internal sharing on social media and job posting boards to look for in-house candidates first. After that, they move to alternative platforms, which often require payment for advertising. The question would be whether the candidates provided are worth the cost, and you, as a hiring manager, would help to determine that answer.

    Consider, for instance, an institution that spends part of its budget using a specific job platform to primarily source candidates. Using the yield ratio formula, you determined that 500 of the CVs you received came from this platform. However, only 1% of the submissions made it through the screening phase and into the interview process.

    That 1% was likely accidental since 99% were unqualified. It could be that your screening process is too rigorous for the job position you’re posting, the advertised job was not clearly explained, which leads back to your management style. It may also be that there aren’t many candidates available in the market, forcing you, as the manager, to decide what to do next to fill that spot.

    Or, it could mean that the platform was not doing a capable job of screening the right candidates. If in your yield ratio analysis, you see that Platform K provides a screening success of 1%, while Platform R and S each successfully produce 25% of candidates that make it through screening, you know that the money you’re spending on Platform K is not giving you a return on your investment.

    Another essential reason to use a yield ratio is to watch for bias in your interview selection and hiring. This is crucial when it comes to minority hiring rates. Your institution could be predominantly one gender or one race, but if you can show that your yield ratio is consistent and fair, this doesn’t have to reflect on your managerial style.

    Your yield rate formula can support you if your campus is accused of discrimination against hiring a specific minority. The formulas could show, for instance, that you didn’t have any people in that minority who applied and made it through the screening process. On the other hand, it could also show that you had multiple people who made it through but didn’t make it to the final interview selection. This eye-opening result shows you there may be implicit bias in you that you didn’t recognize you had.

    Calculating Yield Ratio

    So how do you find the yield ratio? It’s a simple mathematical formula in which the variables are chosen by you based on what detail you’re attempting to analyze.

    The formula base looks like this:

    # of candidates with a particular factor applying

    # of candidates with that factor that made it through a stage

    Dividing those two numbers gives you the yield ratio.     

    Let Impactio Guide Your Growth

    The field of academic research is full of metrics like yield ratios. These can be complicated to figure out independently, but Impactio’s analytics tools make the job easier. The report features on Impactio’s platform give you the knowledge you need to measure your academic contributions.

    At a glance, you’ll understand your citation data through Citation Per Year Graphs, Academic Ranking Radial Plots, Academic Rankings, Citing Institution Maps, Citing Institution Rankings, and the Metrics and Ranks of journals. You’ll also get Publication Data, Metrics, and Journal Rankings. The whole picture provides insights on your research impact to help you move forward with your career.

  • Here are the Dos and Don’ts for a Well Made Academic Cover Letter


    Applying for a position in a higher learning institution means you have to prove immediately that you’re capable of teaching adult learners how to do the same thing. Even if your coveted job is solely behind the desk and not in front of a classroom, at some point, you could be called into that duty, and you still would be representing the institution. So, you have to start at the very basic: your cover letter.

    While your resume and curriculum vitae show your experience, the cover letter can introduce you and your personality. It’s the written piece that provides the first impression of you to the reader and can make or break whether they even look at your resume. Yes, it’s that important. With that in mind, here are some of the rules you should follow as you craft your academic cover letter.

    Do Include These Aspects in Your Cover Letter

    Consider your cover letter to be the carrot that entices a potential hiring manager to read your CV more thoroughly. For this to happen, you have to start out with an interesting opening paragraph.

    Take the time to find out who is predominantly in charge of making the hiring decisions, and use that person’s correct title as the introductory greeting. Begin your body sentence by providing your name and the reason you’re writing the letter (for a particular position, or for a general interest in working at the institution, for instance). You can address the letter to a committee body as a whole if there is no individual contact listed, but showing that you put the effort into tracking down a specific name says a lot about your work ethic.

    Your intro paragraph should quickly state your current position. If you’re on a sabbatical or took time off for personal reasons, include your previous position. Give a short reason why you’re interested in this new role, and a succinct explanation of why you’d be the right person for the job.

    In the second paragraph, you’ll continue this explanation by adding details that show you know what the job entails. This means customizing the letter for each application you submit and doing research on the position you’re applying for. Include information that shows you have looked into the background of the institution and that your qualities match the mission and would be beneficial to the team.

    Throughout the second paragraph, you should be professional and approachable. It can be complicated to avoid sounding boastful while discussing your skills and abilities, but it is possible.

    In the last body paragraph, let the reader know what they’re going to see in your CV as far as your main accomplishments. What grants did you receive that were coveted by many? Do you have any honors you’re proud of? Manuscripts that were highly received once published? You’ll go into detail on these with your CV, but again, this is the carrot that should hook the reader. 

    Don’t Make These Cover Letter Mistakes

    With your solid body complete and your closing on, you’re ready to submit, right? Not so fast. First, let’s make sure you didn’t make any of these common academic cover letter mistakes.

    ●      Keep your cover letter down to one page, no more than one and a half pages, but don’t adjust the margins from a one-inch top and bottom and half-inch side.

    ●      Don’t try to fill the page by using a font larger than 12 points. However, don’t try to squeeze too much in your letter by using a font smaller than 10 points.

    ●      Use plain white paper with black ink for printed submissions, or a plain background with black font for your email. Avoid using color text.

    ●      Don’t use Comic Sans fonts. It’s best to stick with simple, clear fonts like Arial or Times New Roman.

    ●      Unless you’re typing an acronym, don’t use all caps.

    ●      Never submit a cover letter until you’ve run it through software to check for spelling and grammatical errors.

    ●      Stay professional by skipping the humor and leaving exclamation points off your papers.

    Changing Jobs? Don’t Forget to Update Your Impactio Profile

    With a well-written cover letter and your powerful CV on your side, that new role is bound to be yours soon. You’ve impressed them with your Impactio profile, showing you’re a serious scholar. Don’t forget to update your information so others in the Impactio network can find and connect with you in your new location.


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